Vietnamese music (nhạc Việt Nam)



Traditional Vietnamese music: Vietnamese music has had a rather long history. Since ancient times, the Vietnamese have had strong feelings for music.

Vietnamese people use music to express their innermost feelings, to encourage themselves while working and fighting, to educate their children in good traditions and national sentiment, to communicate with the invisible, and to sublimate their aspirations for a happy life.


My information on this topic and research

Hear are a few questions that we shall answer that will hopefully tell you a bit about vietnamese music.

Q1. What is music to the Vietnamese people what effects does it have on there life?

Music for the Vietnamese people is very important. It has been around for many years and has spread around the country’s has even spread to other countries. Vietnamese music is a part of their everyday life, it is very important to them and their culture.

Hát chầu văn
Hát chầu văn or hát văn is a spiritual form of music used to invoke spirits during ceremonies. It is highly rhythmic and trance-oriented. Before 1986, the Vietnamese government repressed hát chầu văn and other forms of religious expression. It has since been revived by musicians like Phạm Văn Tỵ. Hát chầu văn is very important to the vietnamese because it is one of the ways they express their religion and they believe it to be incredibly special.



Q2. What sorts of instruments are used to perform this music?

Traditional musical instruments http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Music_of_Vietnam
Đàn bầu (monochord zither)
Đàn gáo (2-stringed fiddle with coconut body)
Đàn nguyệt (2-stringed fretted moon lute)
Đàn nhị (2-stringed fiddle with hardwood body)
Đàn sến (two-string fretted lute)
Đàn tam (fretless lute with snakeskin-covered body and three strings)
Đàn tam thập lục (hammered dulcimer)
Đàn tranh (long zither)
Đàn tỳ bà (pear-shaped four-stringed fretted lute)
Kèn bầu (oboe)
T'rưng (bamboo xylophone) they are just some of the instruments.







Q3. What started the unique music of Vietnam and why is it so unique?
The great music of Vietnam is incredibly different because of their unique instruments and sounds. Even what we call a guitar is different in vietnam, their version of a guitar is called a lute, which is an instrument that is the shape of a banjo, but larger. The lute has a very soothing sound.




Q4 What has become of the Vietnam music, what is the sound today?
Vietnam music is much the same the music has just bacome more diveres. There is more music availed such as pop rock...and more people are looking at the more modern. But that does not mean that it has gone NO it’s still played in many traditions.

Just some music instruments




ietnamese music (nhạc Việt Nam)=**__

Traditional Vietnamese music: Vietnamese music has had a rather long history. Since ancient times, the Vietnamese have had a strong inclination for music.As you see on TV today the great parades and dancing.And often the music tells the story of the dance and or play or parade.and those amazing tradition have been around for a very long time

Vietnamese people use music to express their innermost feelings, to encourage themselves while working and fighting, to educate their children in good traditions and national sentiment, to communicate with the invisible, and to sublimate their aspirations for a happy life.
There is some basic information.

My information on this topic and research

Hear are some Questions that I will answer to hopefully answer some unanswered questions of your own

Q1 What is music to the Vietnamese people what effects does it have on there life?

Music for the Vietnams people if very important to the people it is almost a thing of every day life’s has been around for many years and has spread around the country’s has even spread to other countries. Hát chầu văn
Hát chầu văn or hát văn is a spiritual form of music used to invoke spirits during ceremonies. It is highly rhythmic and trance-oriented. Before 1986, the Vietnamese government repressed hát chầu văn and other forms of religious expression. It has since been revived by musicians like Phạm Văn Tỵ.



Q2 what sorts of instruments are manly used to perform this music?

Traditional musical instruments http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Music_of_Vietnam
Đàn bầu (monochord zither)
Đàn gáo (2-stringed fiddle with coconut body)
Đàn nguyệt (2-stringed fretted moon lute)
Đàn nhị (2-stringed fiddle with hardwood body)
Đàn sến (two-string fretted lute)
Đàn tam (fretless lute with snakeskin-covered body and three strings)
Đàn tam thập lục (hammered dulcimer)
Đàn tranh (long zither)
Đàn tỳ bà (pear-shaped four-stringed fretted lute)
Kèn bầu (oboe)
T'rưng (bamboo xylophone) they are just some of the instruments.

The kèn bầu is a double reed wind instrument used in the traditional music of Vietnam. It is similar in construction and sound to the Chinese suona and the Korean taepyeongso. It comes in various sizes and is a primary instrument of the music of the former royal court music of Huế.
The instrument has a conical hardwood body with seven finger holes. Unlike its Chinese and Korean counterparts, the kèn bầu has a detachable bell made of jackfruit wood, carved in the shape of a gourd (originally it was probably made out of an actual dried gourd, but wood is more durable). Into the playing end is fitted a small brass tube onto which a small double reed is placed.

Playing
The instrument's technique involves the use of circular breathing as well as a wide variety of ornamentation including wide vibrato and sliding tones.
A video from YouTube. Showing how the instalments are played and what sort of conditions there played in.



All those interment have had there own long history and some of them have been around for a long time.




Q3what started the unique music of Vietnam and why is it so unique?
The Great music of Vietnam is obesely different because of their rare instrument that makes the great music. Even what we call a guitar is different there amazing lute is the shape of a banjo but in a larger scale. And sounds soothing.




Q4 What has become of the Vietnam music, what is the sound today?
Vietnam music is much the same the music has just bacome more diveres. There is more music availed such as pop rock...and more people are looking at the more modern. But that does not mean that it has gone NO it’s still played in many traditions.

Just some music instruments




Music is taken very seriously in all parts of the world. All countries and even smaller communities have their own unique brand of music. This music is incomparable and is a part of their culture and background. Music comes in so many forms and moods. It can get someone pumped up or it can relax them. Music has the ability to change moods and emotions.
Vietnamese music has changed over the many years in its’ forms. Ancient Vietnamese music was a type that would sooth you. Relax you and make it feel like there is no worry in the world. But this isn’t to say that there is no Vietnamese music being composed like this. As more of the world is being westernised they are being influenced in many ways. One of these is the music. American music and artists have spread their popularity worldwide. Other countries have had influences on Vietnam and worldwide music is now listened to and accepted. This does not mean it is kicking out the old traditional music.
Music in Vietnam is very important to the people. It is a part of their culture and tradition because they have been playing music for the last 6000 years at least. It will never be lost or out dated. This music is very sophisticated and has native and foreign influences. The instruments have been created with the influence of indigenous tradition. It is considered essential to know music in Vietnam and there are large performances and shows that are put on for entertainment to the general public. These performances are not only centred around the music, but also the dancing, and the colourful costumes they wear when they perform. A great deal of money and effort is put into these performances. The costumes are very expensive and are extremely lively and bright. They make the performance eye catching and spectacular.










What instruments do they use?
instruments.jpg

http://www.vnstyle.vdc.com.vn/myhomeland/arts_style/traditionalinstruments/index.html
[ Accessed 27th march 2008]


Vietnamese instruments can be divided into four Plucked Strings: Dan Bau, Dan Day, Dan Doan, Dan Nguyet or Kim, Dan Tam, Dan Tam Thap Luc,, Dan Tranh, Dan Ty Ba, Dan Xen,
Bowed Strings: Dan Co or Dan Nhi, Dan Gao, Dan Ho, etc...
Winds: differents kinds of flute, "Ken Da.m" oboe.
Percussion: Chuong, Senh Tien, Trong Cai, Trong Com, Trong De, Mo, Phach, Nao Bat, Thanh La (cymbals).

A traditional Vietnamese orchestra usually consists of around 40 musicians with a wide variety of instruments. There are many forms of these orchestras and they create large performances.
Vietnam has the oldest musical instrument in the world. It is a traditional Vietnamese Stone xylophone called “Dan Da”. It has six keys which are very large. The rocks are specially selected and each have been specially shaped to produce a perfect clear not in a six-tone scale. The instrument id played with two large wooden hammers that make a loud ringing sound. The oldest “Dan Da” in existence is in a museum in Paris and is thought to date back 6000 years. Many instruments are not too different from modern instruments. They have guitar-like instruments with different amounts of strings on them. They also have large drums like bongo drums. One difference is that they have all been constructed using natural materials. For example a flute made of bamboo wood and a drum that they use rice to tune it with.



Ancient songs
Many ancient song forms survive, especially in the north and among the ethnic minorities. One of the oldest songs is “Quan Ho”, a peasant song in which a man and a woman echo each others lines which they make up as they go along.
There are also some forms that have died over the years and have become unknown to the average person. One of these forms is “Ca Tru”. It began as entertainment for the upper classes of Vietnam. Beautiful women would sing in the home of wealthy men’s houses and the men would bang a drum to show there appreciation. “Ca Tru” is being revived in Hanoi, where people are taking lessons in this ancient art.
Nowadays the younger population is into Mainly pop music. Karaoke id also very popular in Vietnam because it is very social activity in clubs and bars. Vietnam is influenced by American and many local bands often do covers of well known American artists.

The Vietnamese music is usually about what they do in everyday life. For example they sing about rice farming and of activities they undertake all the time.


Reference
http://www.vnstyle.vdc.com.vn/vim/english/information/showroom.html

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Music_of_Vietnam





Done by Aidan Watt and James McDonald.